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effects_of_single_parents_on_poverty_rates [2016/12/07 10:26]
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effects_of_single_parents_on_poverty_rates [2016/12/07 10:26] (current)
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 Despite government spending over $22 trillion(($22 trillion in constant 2012 dollars; Robert Rector and Rachel Sheffield, "The War on Poverty After 50 Years" Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 2955 (September 2014), [[http://​thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/​2014/​pdf/​BG2955.pdf]] (accessed November 2016).)) on anti-poverty programs since the 1960s War on Poverty began, the child poverty rate has barely decreased: from 20.7 percent in 1965 to 19.2 percent in 2015.((U.S. Census Bureau, "​Historical Poverty Tables: People and Families 1959 to 2015," Poverty Status of People, by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin Table 3, [[http://​www.census.gov/​data/​tables/​time-series/​demo/​income-poverty/​historical-poverty-people.html]] (accessed November 2016).)) The War on Poverty largely failed because it ignored the role of marriage in reducing poverty. Poverty is most prevalent in non-intact families. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, single-parent families are significantly more likely to fall into poverty than are married-couple families.((U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2015 and 2016 Annual Social and Economic Supplements,​ “Table 4: Families in Poverty by Type of Family: ​ 2014 and 2015”.)) Despite government spending over $22 trillion(($22 trillion in constant 2012 dollars; Robert Rector and Rachel Sheffield, "The War on Poverty After 50 Years" Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 2955 (September 2014), [[http://​thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/​2014/​pdf/​BG2955.pdf]] (accessed November 2016).)) on anti-poverty programs since the 1960s War on Poverty began, the child poverty rate has barely decreased: from 20.7 percent in 1965 to 19.2 percent in 2015.((U.S. Census Bureau, "​Historical Poverty Tables: People and Families 1959 to 2015," Poverty Status of People, by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin Table 3, [[http://​www.census.gov/​data/​tables/​time-series/​demo/​income-poverty/​historical-poverty-people.html]] (accessed November 2016).)) The War on Poverty largely failed because it ignored the role of marriage in reducing poverty. Poverty is most prevalent in non-intact families. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, single-parent families are significantly more likely to fall into poverty than are married-couple families.((U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 2015 and 2016 Annual Social and Economic Supplements,​ “Table 4: Families in Poverty by Type of Family: ​ 2014 and 2015”.))
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 {{ :​effects_of_single_parenthood_on_poverty_children_in_poverty.png?​direct&​500 |Children in Poverty by Family Structure}} {{ :​effects_of_single_parenthood_on_poverty_children_in_poverty.png?​direct&​500 |Children in Poverty by Family Structure}}
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 Over 2 million children reside in single-parent families.((U.S. Census Bureau, Decennial Census, 1960, and Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements,​ 1968 to 2014, available at [[http://​www.census.gov/​hhes/​families/​data/​children.html]] (accessed November 2016).)) Never married single mother families constitute the greatest portion of single parent families. While the share of divorced and separated single mothers has decreased in recent years (although the numbers are still high), the share of never married single mothers continues to rapidly rise.((U.S. Census Bureau, Decennial Census, 1960, and Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements,​ 1968 to 2014, available at [[http://​www.census.gov/​hhes/​families/​data/​children.html]] (accessed November 2016).)) This trend is particularly alarming because, of all family structures, children of never married mothers are the most likely to experience poverty. In 2015, 49.8 percent of children under age 18 who lived with a never married mother were in poverty.((U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Current Population Survey, 2015 Annual and Social Economic Supplement, Table C8, available at [[http://​www.census.gov/​hhes/​families/​data/​cps2015C.html]] (accessed November 2016).)) It is also notable in the chart above that cohabitation seems to make little difference in lowering the poverty rate.  Over 2 million children reside in single-parent families.((U.S. Census Bureau, Decennial Census, 1960, and Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements,​ 1968 to 2014, available at [[http://​www.census.gov/​hhes/​families/​data/​children.html]] (accessed November 2016).)) Never married single mother families constitute the greatest portion of single parent families. While the share of divorced and separated single mothers has decreased in recent years (although the numbers are still high), the share of never married single mothers continues to rapidly rise.((U.S. Census Bureau, Decennial Census, 1960, and Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements,​ 1968 to 2014, available at [[http://​www.census.gov/​hhes/​families/​data/​children.html]] (accessed November 2016).)) This trend is particularly alarming because, of all family structures, children of never married mothers are the most likely to experience poverty. In 2015, 49.8 percent of children under age 18 who lived with a never married mother were in poverty.((U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Current Population Survey, 2015 Annual and Social Economic Supplement, Table C8, available at [[http://​www.census.gov/​hhes/​families/​data/​cps2015C.html]] (accessed November 2016).)) It is also notable in the chart above that cohabitation seems to make little difference in lowering the poverty rate. 
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 {{ :​effects_of_single_parenthood_on_poverty_children_living_with_never_married_mother.png?​direct&​500 |Children Living with a Never Married Mother}} {{ :​effects_of_single_parenthood_on_poverty_children_living_with_never_married_mother.png?​direct&​500 |Children Living with a Never Married Mother}}
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 =====1. Government Dependence===== =====1. Government Dependence=====